Professor of Law




J.D., Stanford University
LL.M., Yale University
A.B., Princeton University


Constitutional Law I and II
Property I


Professor Brower received his A.B. from Princeton University and subsequently won a Fulbright-Hays scholarship to France to teach and do research. Following graduation from law school, Professor Brower joined a major San Francisco law firm. He became a member of Western State’s full-time faculty in 1983. He was co-counsel pro bono in Karahalios v. Defense Language Institute, argued before the United States Supreme Court in the 1988 term. In 2002-2003, Professor Brower was an Academic Visitor at the Institute for Advanced Legal Studies – University of London. He is the author of two surveys and Reports on Sexual Orientation Fairness in the United Kingdom (2003) and (2005) and several law review articles and academic manuscripts on constitutional law, discrimination law, and sexuality and the law. Professor Brower is the Judicial Education Director of the Williams Institute on Sexual Orientation Law & Public Policy at the UCLA School of Law and has taught judges and court staff across the US and internationally. He has served on the California Judicial Council – Access and Fairness Committee. Courses taught: Constitutional Law, Property, Sexual Orientation and the Law.


  • Book Chapter. Sexuality, Gender and Social Cognition: Lesbian and Gay Identity in Judicial Decision-Making, in ‘Gender, Sexualities and Law,’ (Jones, et al. eds.), Routledge Press: London, UK, (February 2011).
  • Book Chapter: Using Sexual Orientation Demographics To Predict And Harmonize Family Responsibility Transformation, in ‘Taking Responsibility, Law and the Changing Family’ (Lind, Bridgeman, Keating, eds.), Ashgate Press: UK (December 2010).
  • Twelve Angry – and Sometimes Alienated – Men: The Experiences and Treatment of Lesbians and Gay Men During Jury Service, 59 Drake L. Rev. 669 (2011)
  • It’s Not Just Shopping, Urban Lofts, and the Lesbian Gay-by Boom: How Sexual Orientation Demographics Can Inform Family Courts, 17 AM. U. J. Gender, Socl Pol. & the L. 1 (2009).
  • Social Cognition ‘At Work:’ Schema Theory and Lesbian and Gay Identity in Title V11, 18 Tul. J. L. & Secuality 1 (2009)
  • Multistable Figures: Sexual Orientation Visibility and its Effects on the Experiences of Sexual Minorities in the Courts, 27 Pace L. Rev. 141 (2007)
  • Pride & Prejudice: Sexual Orientation Fairness in the Courts of England and Wales, 13 Buff. Women’s L. J. 17 (2006)
  • Obstacle Courts: Results of Two Empirical Studies on Sexual Orientation Fairness in the California Courts, 11 J. Gender, Soc. Pol. & The L. 39 (2003).
  • Of Courts and Closets: A Doctrinal and Empirical Analysis of Lesbian and Gay Identity in the Courts, 38 San Diego L. Rev. 565 (2001).
  • A Stranger to Its Laws: Homosexuality, Schemas, and the Lessons and Limits of Reasoning By Analogy, 38 Santa Clara L. Rev. 65 (1997).
  • Communities Within the Community: Consent, Constitutionalism and Other Failures of Legal Theory in Residential Associations, 17 J. Land Use & Envir. L. 203 (1992).
  • Towards a Unified Accommodation of State Law and Collective Bargaining Agreements: Federalism, Public Rights and Liberty of Contract, 26 Hous. L. Rev 389 (1989).
  • The Duty of Fair Representation in Farm Labor Legislation: Cultivating the Seeds of Individual Rights, 56 U.M.K.C. L. Rev. 239 (1988).
  • The Duty of Fair Representation Under the Civil Service Reform Act: Judicial Power to Enforce Employee Rights, 40 Okla. L. Rev. 361 (1987).
  • Now You See It, Now You Don’t: Title IX as an Alternate Remedy for Sex Discrimination in Employment, 31 N.Y. L. Sch. L. Rev. 485 (1986).
  • Book Review, May It Please the Court, 21 W. St. U. L. Rev. 356 (1994).
  • Book Review, The Tempting of America, 18 W. St. L. Rev. 485 (1991).
  • Book Review, The Concept of Liberty in the Age of the American Revolution & Red, White and Blue: A Critical Analysis of Constitutional Law, 16 W. St. U. L. Rev. 317 (1988).
  • Book Review, Collective Bargaining: How It Works and Why, 14 W. St. U. L. Rev. 363 (1986).